Who Wrote the New Testament?
THE NEW TESTAMENT
The New Testament reveals how God has kept every promise that He made to the nation Israel and ultimately fulfilled His covenant with them in One Man, Jesus Christ. It contains an account of the gospel of Jesus Christ, His Words, and His plan for all nations including Israel. It reveals how God used a single man, a Jew, who courageously went out to preach the gospel, and would eventually die for his faith in God. It also reveals the end of the world, and how Jesus Christ would receive the throne that God promised (Luke 1:32, 22:29, Mat 25:34, Eph 1:20-23, 1 Cor 15:24-28).
WHO WROTE THE NEW TESTAMENT?
It was Jesus intention that we should come to believe on him through the words of his Apostles.
The following chart illustrates the authors who are credited
for the 27 books of the New Testament
|Undetermined – (Paul is most credited)||Hebrews|
BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF EACH AUTHOR:
Matthew: Matthew was also known as Levi, a publican or tax collector who was chosen by Jesus to be one of the twelve Apostles.
Mark: Mark was the Latin surname given to a young man who’s Jewish name was John. John Mark was cousin to Barnabas a prominent figure in the early church. Mark traveled with his cousin Barnabas in ministry and later in years ministered to the Apostles Peter and Paul. Mark is not identified as one who walked with Jesus.
Luke: Luke is credited with authoring the third Gospel and the book of Acts. Luke is mentioned three times in the New Testament (Colossians 4:14; Philemon 24; II Timothy 4:11) and from these passages we learn that Luke was a physician and a fellow worker of Paul who traveled with Paul during his missionary journeys.
John: John was one of the original twelve apostles, John was a fisherman and brother to one of the other twelve apostles James. The Apostle John is the author of the fourth gospel, three epistles and the Revelation. John was a close personal associate of Jesus being referred to as the “…disciple whom Jesus loved.”
Peter: Peter was a fisherman and brother to another of the twelve who’s name was Andrew.
Paul: The Apostle Paul, although not one of the original twelve, was chosen by Jesus to be an apostle and to go out and take the gospel to the non-Jewish people of his day. Paul was a Jew and a ranking member of the strict Jewish sect of the Pharisees. Before his conversion Saul was well known because he persecuted the early Christians. After his miraculous conversion Paul went on to live for the kingdom of God.
James: James was also a brother of Jesus (Galatians 1:19). James was not one of the twelve Apostles but was clearly a leader in the early church in Jerusalem. An important council in Jerusalem chaired by James was responsible for deciding that it was no longer a requirement to keep the ceremonial aspects of the law of Moses. Acts 12:17; 15:13,19; Gal 2:9. Along with being a member of Jesus household James also had the privilege of seeing Jesus after He rose from the dead. I Cor 15:5,7.
Jude: Jude was also a brother of James and of Jesus, Jude 1; Gal 1:19. His name in greek would be Judas however this is not the traitor of Jesus but the defender of the faith who’s epistle speaks out boldly against the apostasy of his day.
There were no women authors of the Holy Scripture. During Old Testament times, Jewish priests and scribes were exclusively men. Women did not have the role of priest or scribe in ancient Israel. However, there are some exemplary women mentioned in the Old Testament, including Judith, Ruth, and Esther, but these books are not first person accounts; they do not claim to have been written by these women. Each woman is referred to in the third person. Also, none of the books of the prophets are about women prophets. Men were given the role of prophet in Old Testament times, not women.
In the New Testament, the four Gospels were written by men, as were the other books of the New Testament.