Additional Notes 3The words Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are words found in scripture, but not in this order or grouping of words (titles).
This non-biblical grouping of words must not be confused, or equated, with 1John 5:7.
The “Word” (G3056) does NOT equate or translate into “Jesus” (G2424).
These two words clearly do not have the same literal meaning. It says the Word was God, not the word was Jesus, but it was God’s word/thought/will/plan that was given to us or “spoken” through Jesus, His Son. John 5:37, 12:49, 14:10
AdhonIn the Septuagint version of the Old Testament, the Greek word used for the Hebrew word Jehovah, as well as the frequent name God, is given as Adhon, meaning "Lord." Adonai (Heb. Adhon or Adhonay) means “lord” or “master” and is usually translated “Lord” in English Bibles. Adonai should be understood to mean “Lord of all” (Deut. 10:17), it is not God’s name. The word “Adonai” is used in Judaism as a spoken substitute for the ineffable (incapable of being expressed; indescribable or unutterable) name of God.
Andy DennyDecoding Precepts of Oneness Theology Reinvestigating the Incarnation Beyond Spirit and Flesh http://www.adennybooks.com/
ApostleGreek Strong's Number: G652 Greek Word: ἀπόστολος Transliteration: apostolos Phonetic Pronunciation:ap-os'-tol-os Root: from <G649> Part of Speech: n m Vine's Words: Apostle, Apostleship, Messenger English Words used in KJV: apostle 78 messenger 2 he that is sent 1 [Total Count: 81] from <G649> (apostello); a delegate; specially an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ [“apostle”] (with miraculous powers) :- apostle, messenger, he that is sent. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
EllipsisEllipsis – An Omission from a sentence of one or more words, which are obviously understood, but must be supplied to make the expression grammatically complete, eg. “This is My body,” and “This is My blood” (Matt.26:26, Mark 14:24). These elliptic statements, if made grammatically correct would read, “This is (what represents) My body” and “This is (what represents) My blood.”
G1067Greek Strong's Number: 1067 Greek Word: γέεννα Transliteration: geenna Phonetic Pronunciation: gheh'-en-nah Part of Speech: n f English Words used in KJV: hell 9 hell fire + <G3588> + <G4442> 3 [Total Count: 12] of Hebrew origin [<H1516> (gay') and <H2011> (Hinnom)]; valley of (the son of) Hinnom; gehenna (or Ge-Hinnom), a valley of Jerusalem, used (figurative) as a name for the place (or state) of everlasting punishment :- hell. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G1080Greek Strong's Number: 1080 Greek Word: γεννάω Transliteration: gennaō Phonetic Pronunciation:ghen-nah'-o Part of Speech: v Vine's Words: Beget, Bear (of begetting), Born, Bring, Bringing, Brought, Conceive English Words used in KJV: begat 49 be born 39 bear 2 gender 2 bring forth 1 be delivered 1 miscellaneous translations 3 [Total Count: 97] from a variation of (genos); to procreate (properly of the father, but by extension of the mother); figurative to regenerate :- bear, beget, be born, bring forth, conceive, be delivered of, gender, make, spring. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G1096Greek Strong's Number: G1096 Greek Word: γίνομαι Transliteration: ginomai Phonetic Pronunciation:ghin'-om-ahee Part of Speech: v English Words used in KJV: be 255 come to pass 82 be made 69 be done 63 come 52 become 47 God forbid + <G3361> 15 arise 13 have 5 be fulfilled 3 be married to 3 be preferred 3 not tr 14 miscellaneous translations 4 [Total Count: 678] a prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be (“gen”-erate), i.e. (reflexive) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literal, figurative, intensive, etc.) :- arise, be assembled, be (-come, -fall, -have self), be brought (to pass), (be) come (to pass), continue, be divided, draw, be ended, fall, be finished, follow, be found, be fulfilled, + God forbid, grow, happen, have, be kept, be made, be married, be ordained to be, partake, pass, be performed, be published, require, seem, be showed, × soon as it was, sound, be taken, be turned, use, wax, will, would, be wrought. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G1223Greek Strong's Number: 1223 Greek Word: διά Transliteration: dia Phonetic Pronunciation:dee-ah' Root: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act Part of Speech: prep English Words used in KJV: by 241 through 88 with 16 for 58 for ... sake 47 therefore + <G5124> 44 for this cause + <G5124> 14 because 52 miscellaneous translations 86 [Total Count: 646] a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional) :- after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause)...fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, × though, through (-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general import. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G1511Greek Strong's Number: G1511 Greek Word: εἶναι Transliteration: einai Phonetic Pronunciation: i'-nahee Root: present infinitive from <G1510> Part of Speech: v English Words used in KJV: to be 33 be 28 was 15 is 14 am 7 are 6 were 4 not tr 11 miscellaneous translations 8 [Total Count: 126] presumed infinitive from <G1510> (eimi); to exist :- am, are, come, is, × lust after, × please well, there is, to be, was. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G1586Greek Strong's Number: 1586 Greek Word: ἐκλέγω Transliteration: eklegō Phonetic Pronunciation:ek-leg'-om-ahee Root: middle voice from <G1537> and <G3004> (in its primary sense) Part of Speech: v Vine's Words: Choice, Choose, Chosen English Words used in KJV: choose 19 choose out 1 make choice 1 [Total Count: 21] middle from <G1537> (ek) and <G3004> (lego) (in its primary sense); to select :- make choice, choose (out), chosen. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G1722Greek Strong's Number: G1722 Greek Word: ἐν Transliteration: en Phonetic Pronunciation: en Part of Speech: prep English Words used in KJV: in 1902 by 163 with 140 among 117 at 113 on 62 through 39 miscellaneous translations 265 [Total Count: 2801] a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between <G1519> (eis) and <G1537> (ek)); “in,” at, (up-) on, by, etc. :- about, after, against, + almost, × altogether, among, × as, at, before, between, (here-) by (+ all means), for (...sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-) in (-to, -wardly), × mightily, (because) of, (up-) on, [open-] ly, × outwardly, one, × quickly, × shortly, [speedi-] ly, × that, × there (-in, -on), through (-out), (un-) to (-ward), under, when, where (-with), while, with (-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition —Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G1937Greek Strong's Number: 1937 Greek Word: ἐπιθυμέω Transliteration: epithymeō Phonetic Pronunciation:ep-ee-thoo-meh'-o Root: from <G1909> and <G2372> Part of Speech: v Vine's Words: Covet, Covetous, Covetousness, Desire, Desirous, Fain, Lust English Words used in KJV: desire 8 covet 3 lust 3 lust after 1 fain 1 [Total Count: 16] from <G1909> (epi) and <G2372> (thumos); to set the heart upon, i.e. long for (rightfully or otherwise) :- covet, desire, would fain, lust (after). Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G1939Greek Strong's Number: 1939 Greek Word: ἐπιθυμία Transliteration: epithymia Phonetic Pronunciation:ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah Root: from <G1937> Part of Speech: n f Vine's Words: Covet, Covetous, Covetousness, Desire, Desirous, Lust English Words used in KJV: lust 31 concupiscence 3 desire 3 lust after 1 [Total Count: 38] from <G1937> (epithumeo); a longing (especially for what is forbidden) :- concupiscence, desire, lust (after). Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G2127Greek Strong's Number: 2127 Greek Word: εὐλογέω Transliteration: eulogeō Phonetic Pronunciation:yoo-log-eh'-o Root: from a compound of <G2095> and <G3056> Part of Speech: v Vine's Words: Bless, Blessed, Blessedness, Blessing English Words used in KJV: bless 43 praise 1 [Total Count: 44] from a compound of <G2095> (eu) and <G3056> (logos); to speak well of, i.e. (religiously) to bless (thank or invoke a benediction upon, prosper) :- bless, praise. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G2128Greek Strong's Number: 2128 Greek Word: εὐλογητός Transliteration: eulogētos Phonetic Pronunciation:yoo-log-ay-tos' Root: from <G2127> Part of Speech: adj Vine's Words: Bless, Blessed, Blessedness, Blessing English Words used in KJV: blessed (said of God) 8 [Total Count: 8] from <G2127> (eulogeo); adorable :- blessed. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G2227Greek Strong's Number: G2227 Greek Word: ζῳοποιέω Transliteration: zōopoieō Phonetic Pronunciation: dzo-op-oy-eh'-o Part of Speech: v English Words used in KJV: quicken 9 give life 2 make alive 1 [Total Count: 12] from the same as <G2226> (zoon) and <G4160> (poieo); to (re-) vitalize (literal or figurative) :- make alive, give life, quicken. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G2424Strong's Number: G2424 Greek Word: Ἰησοῦς Transliteration: Iēsous Phonetic Pronunciation: cee-ay-sooce' Part of Speech: n pr m English Words used in KJV: Jesus 972 Jesus (Joshua) 2 Jesus (Justus) 1 [Total Count: 975] of Hebrew origin [H3091 (Yehowshuwa`)]; Jesus (i.e. Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites :- Jesus. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary See Also: The Pronunciation History Of Yahshua to Jesus
G2532Greek Strong's Number: 2532 Greek Word: καί Transliteration: kai Phonetic Pronunciation:kahee Part of Speech: conj English Words used in KJV: and 8173 also 514 even 108 both 43 then 20 so 18 likewise 13 not tr. 350 miscellaneous translations 31 vr and 1 [Total Count: 9251] apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words :- and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G2673Greek Strong's Number: 2673 Greek Word: καταργέω Transliteration: katargeō Phonetic Pronunciation: kat-arg-eh'-o Root: from <G2596> and <G691> Part of Speech: v English Words used in KJV: destroy 5 do away 3 abolish 3 cumber 1 loose 1 cease 1 fall 1 deliver 1 miscellaneous translations 11 [Total Count: 27] from <G2596> (kata) and <G691> (argeo); to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literal or figurative :- abolish, cease, cumber, deliver, destroy, do away, become (make) of no (none, without) effect, fail, loose, bring (come) to nought, put away (down), vanish away, make void. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G2962Greek Strong's Number: G2962 Greek Word: κύριος Transliteration: kyrios Phonetic Pronunciation: koo'-ree-os Part of Speech: n m English Words used in KJV: Lord 667 lord 54 master 11 sir 6 Sir 6 miscellaneous translations 4 [Total Count: 748] from kuros (supremacy); supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title) :- God, Lord, master, Sir. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G305Greek Strong's Number: G305 Greek Word: ἀναβαίνω Transliteration: anabainō Phonetic Pronunciation: an-ab-ah'ee-no Part of Speech: v English Words used in KJV: go up 37 come up 10 ascend 10 ascend up 8 climb up 2 spring up 2 grow up 2 come 2 enter 2 arise 2 rise up 2 miscellaneous translations 2 vr ascend 1 [Total Count: 82] from <G303> (ana) and the base of <G939> (basis); to go up (literal or figurative) :- arise, ascend (up), climb (go, grow, rise, spring) up, come (up). Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G3056Greek Strong's Number: G3056 Greek Word: λόγος Transliteration: logos Phonetic Pronunciation: log'-os Part of Speech: n m English Words used in KJV: word 218 saying 50 account 8 speech 8 Word (Christ) 7 thing 5 not tr 2 miscellaneous translations 32 [Total Count: 330] From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ): - account, cause, communication, X concerning, doctrine, fame, X have to do, intent, matter, mouth, preaching, question, reason, + reckon, remove, say (-ing), shew, X speaker, speech, talk, thing, + none of these things move me, tidings, treatise, utterance, word, work. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G3439Greek Strong's Number: 3439 Greek Word: μονογενής Transliteration: monogenēs Phonetic Pronunciation:mon-og-en-ace' Part of Speech: adj Vine's Words: Child, Children, Childbearing, Childish, Childless, Only, Only Begotten English Words used in KJV: only begotten 6 only 2 only child 1 [Total Count: 9] from (monos) and (ginomai); only-born, i.e. sole :- only (begotten, child). Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G3444Greek Strong's Number: G3444 Greek Word: μορφή Transliteration: morphē Phonetic Pronunciation: mor-fay' Part of Speech: n f English Words used in KJV: form 3 [Total Count: 3] perhaps from the base of <G3313> (meros) (through the idea of adjustment of parts); shape; figurative nature :- form. Strong’s Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G3708Greek Strong's Number: G3708 Greek Word: ὁράω Transliteration: horaō Phonetic Pronunciation: hor-ah'-o Root: properly, to stare at [cf <G3700>] Part of Speech: v English Words used in KJV: see 51 take heed 5 behold 1 perceive 1 not tr 1 [Total Count: 59] properly to stare at [compare <G3700> (optanomai)], i.e. (by implication) to discern clearly (physical or mental); by extension to attend to; by Hebrew to experience; passive to appear :- behold, perceive, see, take heed. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G3754Greek Strong's Number: G3754 Greek Word: ὅτι Transliteration: hoti Phonetic Pronunciation: hot'-ee Part of Speech: conj English Words used in KJV: that 612 for 264 because 173 how that 21 how 11 miscellaneous translations 212 [Total Count: 1293] neuter of <G3748> (hostis) as conjecture; demonstive that (sometimes redundant); causative because :- as concerning that, as though, because (that), for (that), how (that), (in) that, though, why. -Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G3844Greek Strong's Number: G3844 Greek Word: παρά Transliteration: para Phonetic Pronunciation: par-ah' Part of Speech: prep English Words used in KJV: of 51 with 42 from 24 by ... side 15 at 12 than 11 miscellaneous translations 45 [Total Count: 200] a primary preposition; properly near, i.e. (with general) from beside (literal or figurative), (with dative) at (or in) the vicinity of (object or subject), (with accusative) to the proximity with (local [especially beyond or opposed to] or causal [on account of]) :- above, against, among, at, before, by, contrary to, × friend, from, + give [such things as they], + that [she] had, × his, in, more than, nigh unto, (out) of, past, save, side ... by, in the sight of, than, [there-] fore, with. In compounds it retains the same variety of application. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G3875Greek Strong's Number: G3875 Greek Word: παράκλητος Transliteration: paraklētos Phonetic Pronunciation: par-ak'-lay-tos Part of Speech: n m English Words used in KJV: comforter 4 advocate 1 [Total Count: 5] an intercessor, consoler :- advocate, comforter. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G4151Greek Strong's Number: G4151 Greek Word: πνεῦμα Transliteration: pneuma Phonetic Pronunciation:pnyoo'-mah Part of Speech: n n English Words used in KJV: Spirit 111 (Holy) Ghost 89 Spirit (of God) 13 Spirit (of the Lord) 5 (My) Spirit 3 Spirit (of truth) 3 Spirit (of Christ) 2 human (spirit) 49 (evil) spirit 47 spirit (general) 26 spirit 8 (Jesus' own) spirit 6 (Jesus' own) ghost 2 miscellaneous translations 21 [Total Count: 385] from g4154 (pneo); a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figurative a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by implicaiton) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, dæmon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit :- ghost, life, spirit (-ual, -ually), mind. Compare g5590 (psuche). Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G4309Greek Strong's Number: 4309 Greek Word: προορίζω Transliteration: proorizō Phonetic Pronunciation:pro-or-id'-zo Root: from <G4253> and <G3724> Part of Speech: v Vine's Words: Determine, Determinate, Predestinate English Words used in KJV: predestinate 4 determine before 1 ordain 1 [Total Count: 6] from <G4253> (pro) and <G3724> (horizo); to limit in advance, i.e. (figurative) predetermine :- determine before, ordain, predestinate. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G4416Greek Strong's Number: 4416 Greek Word: πρωτότοκος Transliteration: prōtotokos Phonetic Pronunciation:pro-tot-ok'-os Part of Speech: adj English Words used in KJV: firstborn 7 first begotten 2 [Total Count: 9] from (protos) and the alternate of (tikto); first-born (usually as noun, literal or figurative) :- firstbegotten (-born). Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G5206Greek Strong's Number: 5206 Greek Word: υἱοθεσία Transliteration: huiothesia Phonetic Pronunciation: hwee-oth-es-ee'-ah Part of Speech: n f English Words used in KJV: adoption 3 adoption of children 1 adoption of sons 1 [Total Count: 5] from a presumed compound of <G5207> (huios) and a derivative of <G5087> (tithemi); the placing as a son, i.e. adoption (figurative Christian sonship in respect to God) :- adoption (of children, of sons). Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G5547Greek Strong's Number: 5547 Greek Word: Χριστός Transliteration: Christos Phonetic Pronunciation:khris-tos' Part of Speech: adj Vine's Words: Christ English Words used in KJV: Christ 569 [Total Count: 569] from <G5548> (chrio); anointed, i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus :- Christ. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G5590Greek Strong's Number: G5590 Greek Word: ψυχή Transliteration: psychē Phonetic Pronunciation: psoo-khay' Part of Speech: n f English Words used in KJV: soul 58 life 40 mind 3 heart 1 heartily + <G1537> 1 not tr 2 [Total Count: 105] from <G5594> (psucho); breath, i.e. (by implication) spirit, abstract or concrete (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from <G4151> (pneuma), which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from <G2222> (zoe), which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew <H5315> (nephesh), <H7307> (ruwach) and <H2416> (chay)) :- heart (+ -ily), life, mind, soul, + us, + you. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G622Greek Strong's Number: 622 Greek Word: ἀπόλλυμι Transliteration: apollymi Phonetic Pronunciation: ap-ol'-loo-mee Part of Speech: v English Words used in KJV: perish 33 destroy 26 lose 22 be lost 5 lost 4 miscellaneous translations 2 [Total Count: 92] from <G575> (apo) and the base of <G3639> (olethros); to destroy fully (reflexive to perish, or lose), literal or figurative :- destroy, die, lose, mar, perish. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
G629Greek Strong's Number: 629 Greek Word: ἀπολύτρωσις Transliteration: apolytrōsis Phonetic Pronunciation:ap-ol-oo'-tro-sis Root: from a compound of <G575> and <G3083> Part of Speech: n f Vine's Words: Deliver, Deliverance, Deliverer, Redeem, Redemption English Words used in KJV: redemption 9 deliverance 1 [Total Count: 10] from a compound of <G575> (apo) and <G3083> (lutron); (the act) ransom in full, i.e. (figurative) riddance, or (specifically) Christian salvation :- deliverance, redemption. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G652Greek Strong's Number: 652 Greek Word: ἀπόστολος Transliteration: apostolos Phonetic Pronunciation:ap-os'-tol-os Root: from <G649> Part of Speech: n m Vine's Words: Apostle, Apostleship, Messenger English Words used in KJV: apostle 78 messenger 2 he that is sent 1 [Total Count: 81] from <G649> (apostello); a delegate; specially an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ [“apostle”] (with miraculous powers) :- apostle, messenger, he that is sent. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G725Greek Strong's Number: G725 Greek Word: ἁρπαγμός Transliteration: harpagmos Phonetic Pronunciation: har-pag-mos' Root: from <G726> Part of Speech: n m English Words used in KJV: robbery 1 [Total Count: 1] from <G726> (harpazo); plunder (properly concrete) :- robbery. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G728Greek Strong's Number: 728 Greek Word: ἀρραβών Transliteration: arrabōn Phonetic Pronunciation:ar-hrab-ohn' Root: of Hebrew origin , <H6162> Part of Speech: n m English Words used in KJV: earnest 3 [Total Count: 3] of Hebrew origin [<H6162> (`arabown)]; a pledge, i.e. part of the purchase-money or property given in advance as security for the rest :- earnest. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
G86Greek Strong's Number: 86 Greek Word: ᾅδης Transliteration: hadēs Phonetic Pronunciation: hah'-dace Part of Speech: n pr loc English Words used in KJV: hell 10 grave 1 [Total Count: 11] from <G1> (a) (as a negative particle) and <G1492> (eido); properly unseen, i.e. “Hades” or the place (state) of departed souls :- grave, hell. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
God (Yahweh)Note: Whenever we reference the word God (spelling with capital G) it is always holding that the correct Hebrew translation of God's name is "Yahweh" which is taken from the Hebrew tetragrammaton (“four letters”) יהוה (Yod Heh Vav Heh), and has been transliterated into Roman script as Y H W H. Although the pronunciation has changed over time, both are in reference to the same Spirit, God (the Almighty). (See: The Pronunciation History Of Yahweh to Jehovah)
H113Hebrew Strong's Number: H113 Hebrew Word: אָדוֹן Transliteration: ʾādôn Hebrew Word: אָדֹן Transliteration: ʾâdôn Phonetic Pronunciation: aw-done' Part of Speech: n m English Words used in KJV: lord 197 master(s) 105 Lord 31 owner 1 sir 1 [Total Count: 335] or (shortened) 'adon, aw-done'; from an unused root (meaning to rule); sovereign, i.e. controller (human or divine) :- lord, master, owner. Compare also names beginning with “Adoni-”. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
H1961Hebrew Strong's Number: H1961 Hebrew Word: הָיָה Transliteration: hāyâ Phonetic Pronunciation: haw-yaw' Part of Speech: v English Words used in KJV: was 7 come to pass 21 came 4 has been 5 were happened 6 become 32 pertained 1 better for thee 1 [Total Count: 75] a primitive root [compare <H1933> (hava')]; to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary) :- beacon, × altogether, be (-come, accomplished, committed, like), break, cause, come (to pass), do, faint, fall, + follow, happen, × have, last, pertain, quit (one-) self, require, × use. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
H3068Hebrew Strong's Number: H3068 Hebrew Word: יהוה Transliteration: yhwh Phonetic Pronunciation: yeh-ho-vaw' English Words used in KJV: LORD 6510 GOD 4 JEHOVAH 4 variant 1 [Total Count: 6519] from H1961 (hayah); (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God :- Jehovah, the Lord. Compare H3050 (Yahh), H3069 (Yehovih). Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary. See Also: The Pronunciation History Of Yahweh to Jehovah
H3091Hebrew Strong's Number: H3091 Hebrew Word: יְהוֹשֻׁעַ Transliteration: yehôshuaʿ Phonetic Pronunciation:yeh-ho-shoo'-ah Hebrew Word: יְהוֹשׁוּעַ Transliteration: Yehôwshûwaʿ Phonetic Pronunciation: yeh-ho-shoo'-ah Root: from H3068 and H3467, Greek G2424 and G919 English Words used in KJV: Joshua 218 [Total Count: 218] or Yehowshu`a, yeh-ho-shoo'-ah; from H3068 (Yehovah) and H3467 (yasha`); Jehovah-saved; Jehoshuä (i.e. Joshua), the Jewish leader :- Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua. Compare H1954 (Howshea`), H3442 (Yeshuwa`). Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
H410Hebrew Strong's Number: H410 Hebrew Word: אֵל Transliteration: ʾēl Phonetic Pronunciation: ale Part of Speech: n m English Words used in KJV: God 213 god 16 power 4 mighty 5 goodly 1 great 1 idols 1 Immanuel + H6005 2 might 1 strong 1 [Total Count: 245] shortened from H352 ('ayil); strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity) :- God (god), × goodly, × great, idol, might (-y one), power, strong. Compare names in “-el.” —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
H430Hebrew Strong's Number: H430 Hebrew Word: אֱלֹהִים Transliteration: ʾelōhîm Transliteration: el-o-heem' Part of Speech: n m p English Words used in KJV: God 2346 god 244 judge 5 GOD 1 goddess 2 great 2 mighty 2 angels 1 exceeding 1 God-ward + H4136 1 godly 1 [Total Count: 2606] plural of H433 ('elowahh); gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative :- angels, × exceeding, God (gods) (-dess, -ly), × (very) great, judges, × mighty. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
H5315Hebrew Strong's Number: H5315 Hebrew Word: נֶפֶשׁ Transliteration: nepesh Phonetic Pronunciation: neh'-fesh Part of Speech: n f English Words used in KJV: soul 475 life 117 person 29 mind 15 heart 15 creature 9 body 8 himself 8 yourselves 6 dead 5 will 4 desire 4 man 3 themselves 3 any 3 appetite 2 miscellaneous translations 47 [Total Count: 753] from <H5314> (naphash); properly a breathing creature, i.e. animal or (abstract) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental) :- any, appetite, beast, body, breath, creature, × dead (-ly), desire, × [dis-] contented, × fish, ghost, + greedy, he, heart (-y), (hath, × jeopardy of) life (× in jeopardy), lust, man, me, mind, mortally, one, own, person, pleasure, (her-, him-, my-, thy-) self, them (your) -selves, + slay, soul, + tablet, they, thing, (× she) will, × would have it. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
H7200Hebrew Strong's Number: H7200 Hebrew Word: רָאָה Transliteration: rāʾâ Phonetic Pronunciation:raw-aw' Part of Speech: v English Words used in KJV: see 879 look 104 behold 83 shew 68 appear 66 consider 22 seer 12 spy 6 respect 5 perceive 5 provide 4 regard 4 enjoy 4 lo 3 foreseeth 2 heed 2 miscellaneous translations 74 [Total Count: 1313] a primitive root; to see, literal or figurative (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative) :- advise self, appear, approve, behold, × certainly, consider, discern, (make to) enjoy, have experience, gaze, take heed, × indeed, × joyfully, lo, look (on, one another, one on another, one upon another, out, up, upon), mark, meet, × be near, perceive, present, provide, regard, (have) respect, (fore-, cause to, let) see (-r, -m, one another), shew (self), × sight of others, (e-) spy, stare, × surely, × think, view, visions. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
H7307Hebrew Strong's Number: H7307 Hebrew Word: רוּחַ Transliteration: rûaḥ Phonetic Pronunciation: roo'-akh Part of Speech: n f English Words used in KJV: Spirit or spirit 232 wind 92 breath 27 side 6 mind 5 blast 4 vain 2 air 1 anger 1 cool 1 courage 1 miscellaneous translations 6 [Total Count: 378] from <H7306> (ruwach); wind; by resemblance breath, i.e. a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figurative life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extensive a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions) :- air, anger, blast, breath, × cool, courage, mind, × quarter, × side, spirit ([-ual]), tempest, × vain, ([whirl-]) wind (-y). —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
H7585Hebrew Strong's Number: 7585 Hebrew Word: שְׁאוֹל Transliteration: sheʾôl Phonetic Pronunciation: sheh-ole' Part of Speech: n f English Words used in KJV: grave 31 hell 31 pit 3 [Total Count: 65] or she'ol, sheh-ole'; from <H7592> (sha'al); hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranean retreat), including its accessories and inmates :- grave, hell, pit. —Strong's Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
HyperboleHyperbole – An exaggeration of the size, power, meaning, and so on, of an object or phenomenon in order to emphasize that. A hyperbole is a type of figure of speech. An example of hyperbole is saying;
- I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
- He's as strong as an ox.
- I could sleep for a year.
- This book weighs a ton.
Matthew 5:29 If your right eye causes you to sin, gouge it out and throw it away…
Mark 9:23 NIV “Everything is possible for him who believes.”
John 12:19 “Behold, the world is gone after him.” (The whole world at that time did NOT follow after him but very large crowds in Israel did.)
ImageGreek Strong's Number: G1504 Greek Word: εἰκών Transliteration: eikōn Part of Speech: n f Vine's Words: Image English Words used in KJV: image 23 [Total Count: 23] from <G1503> (eiko); a likeness, i.e. (literal) statue, profile, or (figurative) representation, resemblance :- image. Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary.
Jesus (Yahshua)Note: The Messiah's Hebrew name is usually transliterated as either “Yeshua” or “Yahshua” (although for different reasons). Although the pronunciation has changed over time, both are in reference to the same person (Jesus). (See: The Pronunciation History Of Yahshua to Jesus)
MetaphorA metaphor is the representation use of a word in a figurative meaning on the basis of the similarity of two objects or phenomena in some way. The Bible should be understood literally whenever possible. But when a statement appears to be contrary to our experience, or to known facts, or to the general teaching of truth, then we can expect that a figure of speech is present. Example 1:
1) John 6:51 – “I am the living bread” 2) Matthew 5:13 – “You are the salt of the earth” 3) John 1:29 – “Behold! The Lamb of God” 4) Heb 1:5 - "this day have I begotten thee" 5) 1Jn 3:2 - "Beloved, now are we the sons of God,"Example 2:
(Hebrews 6:5) And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come – (figure of speech / not literal – We do not taste words ).Why is this important to understand? To prevent serious misinterpretations of Scripture which come from:
♦ Calling something figurative that is literal.
♦ Calling something literal that is figurative.
ModalismModalistic Monarchianism (also known as Oneness Christology) Is the belief that Jesus and God are one and the same person by means of incarnation. This group of Christians attempt to identify God the Father and Jesus the Son together as one personage rather than two separate personages (John 8:28, 14:10; Deut 18:18, 19 ).
Personified1. transitive: To be an example of; to have all the attributes of. 2. transitive: To create a representation of an abstract quality in the form of a literary character. Definitions by Grammarly verb (used with object), per·son·i·fied, per·son·i·fy·ing. 1. to represent (a thing or abstraction) in the form of a person, as in art. 2. to embody (a quality, idea, etc.) in a real person or a concrete thing. Definitions by Dictionary.com
PhariseePharisees (and the Sadducees) were Jewish religious parties in Jesus' day. The Sadducees denounced John the Baptist (Matt 3:7-8). They both opposed Jesus and His teachings (Matt 16:6,11,12, 21:12-13; Mark 11:15-18; Luke 19:47) and the apostolic Church (Acts 5:17, 33). One of the main differences between the Pharisees and the Sadducees was that the Pharisees believed in the resurrection (Acts 23:6) but the Sadducees did not (Matt 22:23). They accepted only the written Law of Moses as authoritative and rejected the subsequent revelation. As a result, the Sadducees denied many of the doctrines held by the Pharisees and by Jesus, including the existence of angels and spirits (Acts 23:7-8).
SanhedrinHebrew Word:סַנְהֶדְרִין Greek Word: Συνέδριον, ("sitting together," hence "assembly" or "council") The Sanhedrin was an assembly of twenty-three to seventy-one men appointed in every city in the Land of Israel. Moses and the Israelites were commanded by God to establish courts of judges who were given full authority over the people of Israel, who were commanded by God to obey every word the judges instructed and every law they established (Deut 16:18). Judges, in ancient Israel, were the religious leaders and Teachers of the nation of Israel.
Translation / Transliteration
The goal of Bible translation is to be transparent to the original text, to see as clearly as possible what the biblical authors actually wrote.
Understanding The Difference Between Translation and Transliteration
TranslationA translation is when a translator takes the text of one language (i.e., Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic), which is unreadable to the majority of Christians and converts it to the equivalent text in English (or the common language for another culture). However, the problem with translation is that there is not always an equivalent text from one language to another. We don’t just have different words; we have different sentence structures, different figures of speech, and some words which have no match in a different language or which carry different connotations and nuances. Sometimes translators will use a similar term and then expand the text to include a definition within it. But in many cases, when translators come across a word with no exact English equivalent, they will just skip translating that word entirely.
TransliterationTransliteration is when a translator takes a word in one language (i.e., Greek word apostlos), adjusts it a little to make it look and sound more like another language (English word Apostle ), and then places it within the rest of the text in that other language. So in biblical translation, a translator would take, for example, a Greek word and adjust it to fit in in our character set, usually changing the pronunciation a bit to make it sound more like English.
It is good to know when you are looking at a transliteration, but it is vitally important to know the literal meaning of that transliteration. Sometimes this can make a world of difference in understanding an otherwise confusing passage.
Translation & Transliteration ExamplesThe best way to see how all this works is with several examples. Angel (G32) is a transliterated word. It comes from the Greek word aggelos, which literally means “messenger” or “envoy.” When we hear the word angel, we usually think of a heavenly being with wings, but such a meaning is not actually present in aggelos. However, in many examples, these messengers were indeed beings sent from heaven. In some cases, the biblical authors were referring to these beings when they used aggelos, while in other cases they just meant normal human messengers. We could draw a similar parallel with the Hebrew use of the word alien (H5237). An alien is someone who was a foreigner. The Bible uses this word to refer to human foreigners (Ps 69:8). However, the word has gained an extra connotation so that it is often used to mean a foreign being from outer space. The New Testament authors went back and forth between using aggelos for heavenly beings or for human messengers. Many English translations try to reflect this by going back and forth between the transliteration and the translation respectively, yet this can be problematic as well, as sometimes the true meaning is ambiguous. Take, for example, “the angels of the seven churches” (Revelation 1:20, NASB). Were these heavenly beings assigned to those churches? Or were they the human messengers for the churches?
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